🚀Curve DeFi Protocol Issues Its Own Tokensubmitted by MarshalLionGroup to u/MarshalLionGroup [link] [comments]
A few hours ago, the Curve Finance protocol issued its own token, CRV, which will now directly work with the liquidity pools of the DeFi tokens supported by the project.
📈BTC above $ 11'600 opened the possibility of growth by another 5-10%
Bitcoin price broke through the strong 100 SMA level and returned above the key $ 11,600 barrier. According to technical analysis, the price is likely to continue to rise.
💪Best Blockchain ETFs for Q4 2020
In this article, we take a look at the top 3 best blockchain ETFs based on large stocks: composition and potential return.
MLGC defi platform.
Very soon our platform will be released online. It will be new DeFi platform to participate in loan programs created by Marshal Lion Group.
We see new people coming to group, wait for updates! Stay tuned!
The CBDC Road To Practice——The Framework of LDF 2020submitted by Lend0x to u/Lend0x [link] [comments]
March 8, 2020 By JH( Lend0X Project Architect)
The Market Structure Analysis of CBDC
I. CBDC helps GDP growth
CBDC can be used as cash for commercial banks or as a medium for (government) bonds. The way in which assets are issued will have a huge impact on GDP growth. For commercial banks, the CBDC issued by the central bank is the source of assets. For customers, the products under the CBDC are the use of funds. Blockchain-based CBDC and bank account-based digital cash and banknotes are generally considered to have a huge difference in the contribution of GDP to quality, cost, and efficiency.
The Bank of England states in the 2019 study that the macroeconomic effects of issuing central bank digital currency (CBDC), the following three advantages of digital currency can increase interest-bearing central bank liabilities, and distributed ledgers can compete with bank deposits as a medium of exchange.
In the digital currency economy model 1. The model in the report matches the adjusted US currency issuance before the crisis, and we find that if the issuance of CBDC accounts for 30% of GDP, compared with government bonds, it may permanently increase GDP by 3%.
II. The issuing system and payment structure of CBDC
The BIS research report pointed out that CBDC has many open questions, such as whether they should be retail or wholesale? Directly or indirectly to consumers? Account-based or token-based? Based on distributed ledgers, a centralized model or a hybrid model? How does CBDC pay across borders?
Of the three issuance systems (indirect, direct, and hybrid), CBDC can only be issued directly by the central bank. In The first type of indirect issuance structure，the CBDC is the indirect architecture ,and is done indirectly. ICBDC in the hands of consumers (such as the digital currency issued by the 4 largest state-owned commercial banks in DCEP) represents commercial banks (such as the 4 largest state-owned commercial banks) debt.
In the second type of direct and third type of mixed issuance structure, consumers are creditors of the central bank. In the direct CBDC model (type 2), the central bank processes all payments in real time and therefore maintains a record of all retail assets. The hybrid CBDC model is an intermediate solution where the consumer is a creditor of the central bank, but real-time payments are handled by the intermediary, and the central bank keeps copies of all retail
CBDCs in order to transfer them from one payment service provider to another in the event of a technical failure.
In terms of efficiency
Three payment architecture architectures allow account-based or token-based access. Although its DCEP digital currency is not a token in the blockchain, it is similar to the token in blockchain in key features such as non-double spending, anonymity, non-forgeability, security, transferability, separability, and programmability. Therefore, DCEP still belongs to the Token paradigm, not the account paradigm.
All four combinations are possible for any CBDC architecture (indirect, direct or hybrid) whatever the payment structure is based on the centralization or centralization mode, the account or token mode of blockchain smart contract account . But in different structures, central banks, commercial banks, and the private sector operate different parts of the infrastructure.
At present, the DCEP issuance structure adopts a two-tier structure, and its payment system——four major state-owned commercial
banks issuing four ICDBC tokens. Its technical architecture features are consistent with the first indirect distribution method. Because DCEP is positioned as digital cash (M0 cash) and the central bank's DCEP supports offline mobile payment, considering its huge payment transactions, a centralized account system for DCEP payment methods is essential. Offline Payment methods access to mobile wallets based on tokens are also essential for commercial banks.
LDF Central Bank Digital Currency CBDC Project Development
At present, the technical framework of the CBDC and the selection of infrastructure are divided into the R & D and cooperation of domestic application planning DCEP application scenarios; its overseas expansion goal supports the development of the “Belt and Road” digital asset ecosystem. DCEP adopts a double-layer system of commercial banks and central banks to adapt to the existing currency
systems of sovereign countries in the world. China, as a currency issuing country, has strong economic strength and basic conditions necessary for world currencies. At the same time, DCEP can also save the issued funds, calculate the inflation rate and other macroeconomic indicators more accurately, better curb illegal activities such as money laundering and terrorist financing, and facilitate foreign exchange circulation worldwide.
1. LDF——the combination of CBDC program and token economy
Only after answering questions such as the openness of CBDC currency itself, can we solve how the application of multiple blockchain industries such as LDF digital asset issuance platform, digital asset support bond platform, and lending and other CBDC currency "product traceability", "digital identity authentication", "judicial depository", "secure communication"and other basic applications, these LDFs are an important direction for exploring blockchain applications.
2.Select the most widely used blockchain technology as the basic platform
LDF introduced CBDC to use blockchain technology because it is the most mature landing foundation platform. It has the advantages of decentralization, openness, autonomy, anonymity, and tamper resistance. It can make the entire system information highly transparent, its data stability and the reliability is extremely high, which solves the point-to-point trust problem and can reduce transaction and operating costs. At present, the underlying technologies of mainstream digital assets such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, and USDT are all blockchain technologies. At the same time, the application scenarios of the blockchain not only include digital currency, but also include many fields such as "product traceability", "digital identity authentication", "judicial depository", "secure communication" and so on.
3.Interpretation of DCEP and selection of LDF blockchain technology architecture
·DCEP does not use a real blockchain like Libra, but may use a centralized ledger based on the UTXO (Unspent Transaction Output) model, and it still belongs to the Token paradigm. This centralized ledger reflects the digital currency issuance and registration system maintained by the central bank. It does not need to run consensus algorithms and will not be subject to the performance bottleneck of the blockchain. The blockchain may be used for the definitive registration of digital currencies and occupy a subsidiary position.
·Users need to use DCEP wallet. The core of the wallet is a pair of public and private keys. The public key is also the address, where the digital certificate of RMB is stored. This digital certificate is not a token in the blockchain in the complete sense, but it is consistent with the Token in many key features, and it is based on 100% RMB reserve. Users can initiate transfer transactions between addresses through the wallet private key. The transfer transaction is recorded
directly in the centralized ledger by the central bank. In this way, DCEP implements account loose coupling and controlled anonymity.
·Although DCEP is a currency tool, the third-party payment is mainly a payment tool after "disconnecting directly", but there are many similarities between the two. If DCEP is good enough in terms of technical efficiency and business development, and from the perspective of users, third-party payments can bring the same experience after DCEP and "disconnect directly". Therefore, DCEP has a mutual substitution relationship with third-party payment in the application after “disconnecting directly”.
·DCEP will have a tightening effect on M2, and M2 tightening reflects the contraction of the banking system to a certain extent. Digital currency does not pay interest, and the People's Bank of China has no plan to completely replace cash with DCEP, so DCEP will not constitute a new monetary policy tool. DCEP has strong policy implications for central bank monitoring of capital flows, as well as anti-money laundering, anti-terrorist financing and anti-tax evasion. Therefore, the supervisory function of DCEP exceeds that of monetary policy.
·The impact of DCEP on RMB internationalization is mainly reflected in cross-border payments based on digital currencies. Although cross-border payments including DCEP, can promote RMB internationalization, cross-border payment is only a necessary condition for RMB internationalization, not a sufficient one. The internationalization of the RMB is inseparable from a series of institutional arrangements.
4.The effectiveness of digital currencies in the LDF framework
CBDC is positioned as digital cash or currency under the LDF framework, and the remaining various tokens, cryptocurrencies, and stablecoins are treated as digital assets. The application platforms involved in LDF (asset mortgage bond platform, digital asset issuance platform, and lending). The underlying assets of LDF are part of the digital asset equity. The reason why LDF uses CBDC and stable currency as currency is due to ·LDF framework links three financial ecosystems ·CBDC has the characteristics of currency transaction, accounting unit and value storage have been verified
·Stablecoins can be used as a payment tool for token economic platforms, not currencies
The stable currency selected by LDF should effectively play the payment function of the currency, and meet the requirements of the following LDF framework: ·Must be universally accepted ·Must be easy to standardize in order to determine its value
Due to the characteristics of DvP (payment is settlement) based on blockchain technology, LDF's smart contracts have the characteristics of decentralized intermediaries, such as the function of asset account contracts partially replacing account settlement; the asset pool contract replacing SPV, and the cash flow contract replacing assets Payment intermediary The digital currency selected as an LDF that meets the above standards is very important for the effectiveness of the LDF framework. Otherwise, the platform built by the LDF framework will not be able to achieve the capabilities of distributed ledgers and DAO organizations.
LDF regulatory compliance
LDF chooses CBDC (DCEP) as the construction of digital asset transaction payment platform, which has the characteristics of DvP (asset payment is settlement). It supervises compliance with the selection of digital currencies that support smart contract accounts and trading platforms (anti-money laundering and anti-terrorist financing) has a decisive role.
DCEP takes the form of loosely coupled accounts to achieve controlled anonymity. The current electronic payment methods, such as bank cards and third-party payment platforms, all use the method of tightly coupling accounts, that is, funds must be transferred through real-name bank accounts. But With the improvement of people's awareness of information security, electronic payment cannot meet people's demand for anonymous payment. The digital currency of the central bank adopts the form of loosely coupled accounts, enabling asset transfers without the need for bank accounts, so as to achieve controllable anonymity.
Unlike Bitcoin's complete anonymity, the central bank has the right to obtain the transaction data within the legal scope, and the source
of digital currency can be traced through big data analysis, while other commercial banks and merchants cannot obtain relevant information. This mechanism, while protecting data security and citizen privacy, also enables illegal activities such as money laundering to be effectively supervised.
Association of LDF's DAO Autonomous Economic Model with CBDC
The direct DCB (such as DCEP) or LIBRA of the LDF token can quantify the value of DAO / DAE through a certain transformation and analysis, and predict its future long-term growth rate and the problems to be solved by the economic model, the solution path adopted, and the overall structure design, technological innovation, team composition, development vision and roadmap.
·The LDF economic model transplants the estimation model of the asset value of the general economic system to DAO 2.0 organization and market management, so as to establish a unified evaluation system for the value generated by the distributed autonomous economy (DAE). The endogenous economic growth model considers important parameters such as savings rate, population growth rate, and technological progress as endogenous variables. The long-term growth rate of the economy can be determined by the interior of the model. Moreover, the LDF economic model takes the number of tokens, nodes, and technical inputs of the distributed organization as similar parameters. The CBDC (such as DCEP) or LIBRA directly targeted by the token can quantify the value of DAO / DAE through certain transformation and analysis and predict its long-term growth rate in the future.
·In response to the special needs of transactions and asset on-chain in the blockchain field, the LDF economic model has developed a DAE (Decentralized Autonomous Economic) protocol group specifically designed to eliminate various pain points of decentralization in the blockchain field, and has developed corresponding LDF DAO DAPP, these agreements include: ·Issuance and trading of tokens based on smart contracts ·Distributed order submission and matching ·Transaction interest rate and mortgage method based on automatic discovery mechanism
Therefore, whether it is a community member, an investor, or a blockchain project developer that develops applications on the LDF economic model, it can use the distributed rules, consensus mechanisms, infrastructure, and smart contracts provided by it to achieve the following purposes:
·Encrypted token asset transaction and circulation based on community autonomy ·Issue of new LDF tokens ·Construction, collaboration, management, voting, and decision- making of specific encryption token communities
·Develop a smart contract system for the dual factors of community node rights and workload ·Customized incentive standards for nodes with different interests
Welcome to discuss with the author of this article, please contact via email:[email protected]
Hi everyone! Here’s your week at Parachute + partners (22 Nov - 28 Nov'19):submitted by abhijoysarkar to ParachuteToken [link] [comments]
In this week’s Parena, Light's Nervous Nightingale took home the grand prize of 25k $PAR. Here’s Cap and Ice at a Chainlink Offchain Protocol event to spread the word on ParJar. Benjamin hosted a trivia in TTR based on the 3rd edition of his "Foundations of Fantom" series. Chris will be hosting a Thanksgiving Fantasy Football contest next week with a 100k $PAR pot. Hot damn! This week’s Two-for-Tuesday by Gian had the theme: units of time. Cool! TTR embarked on a crazy tipping adventure that could have broken Telegram. With 150k $PAR on the line, it’s amazing how robustly ParJar performed amidst this madness. By the end of the day, they reached 130k tips. Amazeballs! Charlotte’s Math trivia was fun as always. In the latest #PFFL update shared by Andy, the folks who are into the playoffs are Hang, Clinton, Alexis, Andy and Chris. Nilz, Ken, Kamo, Connor and Cap will be clashing for the remaining playoff spot. In the #FPL update for Game Week 13 shared by LordHades, LH is still leading the table with NovelCloud and Alexis following closely behind. Doc Vic (from Cuba) hosted another Champions League wager in TTR this week. $INE, the native token of IntelliShare project, was added to ParJar this week. Welcome! For more on what’s in store for ParJar, make sure to read Cap’s biweekly digestive.
Lolarious stuff from Tito. Haha!
aXpire’s Bilr intro video explains how the platform works. The latest updates from the project can be seen here. This week’s $AXPR burn saw 20k tokens sent to the genesis address. CEO Gary Markham will be speaking at a Hedge Fund Association event on Digital Assets on the 11th of December in NYC. The new website is out as well. Few weeks back, 2gether CEO Ramón Ferraz attended a Cecabank event on Securities as a speaker which was covered by the news outlet Expansión. Here's the full article. And thanks guys for the shoutout to my Hackernoon article (which I wrote with my co-author Rohit) on 5 Must Have Crypto Asset Management Tools. Founding Partner Luis Estrada travelled to the Fintech Innovation Summit 2019 to talk all things crypto and blockchain. The first group of potential XIO incubatees were revealed this week. Both are familiar names for Parachuters. They are Uptrennd and Opacity. Voting will begin on the 6th of December. Learn more about Round One from Zachary’s explainer video and email. An early sentiment poll of $1UP vs $OPQ was also put up. This led to an interesting consideration: should all nominated startups be stakeable instead of making it a competition. Did you know the USD value of total $BOMB tokens burned till date was ~144k. That is insane! The first $XIO liquidity pool on Uniswap was also started this week. Watch the explainer video to see how it works. Looks like Shingo from Ethos will be dipping his feet in the pool too. This is essentially what Zachary refers to as Proof-of-Liquidity. In a bit of a sobering news, Wysker filed for bankruptcy last week. Running a startup is hard. Best wishes from the Parachute crew on your next journey. As a Black Friday Surprise, referral earnings on Birdchain will be more over this weekend. For other updates, watch the video by CEO Joao Martins.
The $XIO liquidity pool on Uniswap is a pretty ingenious solution for low marketcap projects
Few weeks back, we had shared that Fantom was hosting a blockchain challenge at the AfricArena 2019 Summit with XAR Network. Here’s a summary from the contest. Congratulations to HouseAfrica. The BUIDL contest announced few weeks back was expanded to increase the prize pool and include developers working on the Cosmos stack as well. Click here for the latest technical update. The Afghan Ministry of Health will be using Fantom's public chain to fight the menace of counterfeit drugs and for other public health initiatives. Read more about it here. The news was covered by Coinspeaker, CryptoDiffer, Gagarin News, ICO Analytics and Upblock. Upblock’s review report on the project (along with an $FTM giveway) was also published this week. Anybody still unclear with what Fantom does should definitely see this video made by Blockcove and read the Fantom Vision by CMO Michael Chen. In light of Uptrennd’s nomination to the XIO Incubator Round I, founder Jeff Kirdeikis hosted an AMA. Original Content is always appreciated on the platform and the video guide explains how to create one. When you rank up on the platform, your points get locked. 30% of all those locked up points are burned each month to increase scarcity. The 2020 roadmap looks exciting! An Opacity Economic Advisory Board will be set up soon to explore optimisation of $OPQ tokenomics. Read more about it here. The Hydro crew travelled to a FinTech Friday event hosted by Barclays in NYC this week. Check out the latest Hydro Labs dev update here. The project is one of the semi-finalists at MassChallenge FinTech to be held in December. Good Luck! PayTrie is the latest dApp to join the Hydro dApp store as a 3rd party partner. For the latest update on the store, click here.
Potluck at Hydro HQ on Thanksgiving
As part of Silent Notary’s new marketing push, the first advertising campaign kick started on masternodes.online and foundico.com. And another feature on The Bitcoin News. Don’t forget to make a note of the updates in $SNTR Telegram channels. As mentioned last week, Sentivate crew sat down for an AMA with The Gem Hunters this week. Here’s the transcript. P.S. It includes the first glimpse of Artifacts as promised. Click here and here for the first glimpses of the Mycro Hunter app. OST is looking for a Senior Product Manager to join their crew. Apply if you’re up for it. SelfKey fans, make sure to vote for your favourite dashboard setup on the platform. The team, travelled to the Asia Cryptocurrency Investment Forum in Bangkok this week. Hope you had an opportunity to say Hi if you were around. The Constellation mainnet, Hypergraph, will launch soon. But what happens to your ERC20 $DAG tokens? Fret not. The team will put out detailed instructions for the swap to mainnet. Here's an article and video to start with. VP Finance Mateo Gold goes into more details of the swap. New to Constellation? Watch this community-made video that explains what the project is all about. Like Fantom, Upblock also published a detailed review report on Constellation. Their AMA with Chainlink was this week. Next week’s Arena Match Raffle is sponsored by Space Misfits.
Winner of the next Arena Match Raffle will take home The Behemoth Blueprint worth ~USD 300
Catch up on the latest on District0x from the District Weekly. The District Registry was deployed to mainnet and has been running without hiccups. Read more about it in the Dev Update. The Nasdaq Composite was added to Pynk’s price prediction platform this week. Congratulations to Van P for winning the first Shuffle Raffle built by Trooper George. Harmony’s BEP2-ERC20 bridge now works both ways. The results of the 3 month survey from MBA researchers of UW Foster School exploring market readiness of Harmony are out. They indicate that the Credit Unions, Trade Finance and Mobile Data industries are ripe for disruption by Harmony. Go get’em! Harmony's Pangaea, an experimental game to interact with Harmony, development is progressing as scheduled. Harmony is now integrated with the IncognitoChain project which allows cryptocurrencies to be transacted privately using sidechains. Even those cryptos which are not primarily built as privacy coins. Noice! Click here to find out how to transact $ONE tokens privately. CEO Stephen Tse’s yearly review of updates will be a lifesaver for anyone who’s missed all Harmony news so far.
And with that, it’s a wrap. See you again soon. Cheers!
1. Market capitalizations of all cryptocurrencies: https://coinmarketcap.com/charts/ 2. Market capitalization of gold: http://onlygold.com/Info/All-The-Gold-In-The-World.asp 3. Open Bazaar (website): https://www.openbazaar.org/ 4. Syscoin (website): http://syscoin.org/ 5. Syscoin whitepaper: http://whitepaper.syscoin.org/ 6. Particl (website): https://particl.io/ 7. Particl whitepaper: https://github.com/particl/whitepapeblob/mastedecentralized-private-marketplace-draft-0.1.pdf......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
BUIP024: Extension Blocks with Address Shardinghttps://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/54afm7/buip024_extension_blocks_with_address_sharding/
Why aren't we as a community talking about Sharding as a scaling solution?https://np.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/3u1m36/why_arent_we_as_a_community_talking_about/
[Brainstorming] Could Bitcoin ever scale like BitTorrent, using something like "mempool sharding"?https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/3v070a/brainstorming_could_bitcoin_ever_scale_like/
[Brainstorming] "Let's Fork Smarter, Not Harder"? Can we find some natural way(s) of making the scaling problem "embarrassingly parallel", perhaps introducing some hierarchical (tree) structures or some natural "sharding" at the level of the network and/or the mempool and/or the blockchain?https://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/3wtwa7/brainstorming_lets_fork_smarter_not_harder_can_we/
"Braiding the Blockchain" (32 min + Q&A): We can't remove all sources of latency. We can redesign the "chain" to tolerate multiple simultaneous writers. Let miners mine and validate at the same time. Ideal block time / size / difficulty can become emergent per-node properties of the network topologyhttps://np.reddit.com/btc/comments/4su1gf/braiding_the_blockchain_32_min_qa_we_cant_remove/
As part of the client-server network architecture, the volunteered machines each receive pieces of a simulation (work units), complete them, and return them to the project's database servers, where the units are compiled into an overall simulation.
In 2007, Guinness World Records recognized [email protected] as the most powerful distributed computing network. As of September 30, 2014, the project has 107,708 active CPU cores and 63,977 active GPUs for a total of 40.190 x86 petaFLOPS (19.282 native petaFLOPS). At the same time, the combined efforts of all distributed computing projects under BOINC totals 7.924 petaFLOPS.
Using distributed computing, [email protected] sends the millions of chunks of data to be analyzed off-site by home computers, and then have those computers report the results. Thus what appears an onerous problem in data analysis is reduced to a reasonable one by aid from a large, Internet-based community of borrowed computer resources.
Observational data are recorded on 2-terabyte SATA hard disk drives at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, each holding about 2.5 days of observations, which are then sent to Berkeley. Arecibo does not have a broadband Internet connection, so data must go by postal mail to Berkeley. Once there, it is divided in both time and frequency domains work units of 107 seconds of data, or approximately 0.35 megabytes (350 kilobytes or 350,000 bytes), which overlap in time but not in frequency. These work units are then sent from the [email protected] server over the Internet to personal computers around the world to analyze.
Data is merged into a database using [email protected] computers in Berkeley.
The [email protected] distributed computing software runs either as a screensaver or continuously while a user works, making use of processor time that would otherwise be unused.
Active users: 121,780 (January 2015)
PrimeGrid is a distributed computing project for searching for prime numbers of world-record size. It makes use of the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC) platform.
Active users 8,382 (March 2016)
A MapReduce program is composed of a Map() procedure (method) that performs filtering and sorting (such as sorting students by first name into queues, one queue for each name) and a Reduce() method that performs a summary operation (such as counting the number of students in each queue, yielding name frequencies).
#1 Another US Equity Selloff; Bitcoin Correlation. One of the main reasons Bitcoin faces the risks of falling in the coming sessions is the equity market. The cryptocurrency earlier traded higher when the US stocks were doing the same. It also fell alongside the top Wall Street indexes: the S&P 500, the Dow Jones, the Nasdaq Composite. The focus from Bitcoin also shifted as global equities rallied. The S&P 500 on Tuesday closed 1 percent higher while its peers, the Dow Jones and the Nasdaq Composite, surged 1.35 percent and 0.60 percent at the close. The Bitcoin system was designed so there is only a finite number of Bitcoin available. Because of this, and to ensure the rate of transaction success is kept at a steady rate, the equations have ... The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is currently reviewing three bitcoin exchange-traded funds (ETFs), one of which was filed last week to track the prices of two cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin's recent surge has brought many traders back into the marketplace. Exchanges such as Binance, Bitstamp, and Coinbase have experienced record-high trading in Bitcoin and other digital ...
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